Dr. Chandrashekhara B.
Damle, I.C.S.S.R. Senior Fellow
Professor of Sociology (Retd) (email:
M. A. in Sociology from
Mysore University, 1976
Ph. D. from Poona
Ph.D. thesis: Land Reforms and Changing Agrarian Relations in Dakshina
Kannada District of Karnataka State.
Served at Nehru Memorial
College, Sullia from 1976 to 2011
Now I.C.S.S.R. Senior
Fellow since March 10, 2016.
Topic of study: Land Reforms: Land Rights and Agrarian Dynamics
Present study is a revisit
to the issue of land reforms and changing agrarian relations in Dakshina
Kannada district of Karnataka state. The earlier study was conducted by
me during 1980s, that is, immediately after the implementation of
stringent law of land reforms in Karnataka. The question is to check how
far the land reforms law can effect social transformation, particularly
the structural changes in agrarian society. It had ideological focus of
establishing egalitarian society by eliminating the elements of
exploitation. In the case of the implementation of land reforms there
were expressed objectives of social equality and economic development.
But there was a mismatch between the avowed purposes and adopted
procedures in seeking social justice through law. Several studies have
pointed out that except in the pockets of a few states, the land reforms
have not proved success at the national level. However, in Dakshina
Kannada district, the fact of implementation of land reforms has shown
manifest effects as well as latent effects. A period of four decades is
passed after the implementation of stringent land reforms law and now
certain mixed effects of egalitarianism and capitalism are observable in
the said district. No doubt, much of them are indirect effects which are
permeated through the villages cutting across the caste-class
stratification. However, the shifting rights in land have changed the
meaning of landed property from a source of livelihood to that of a
capital good. Study of this dynamics is the object of the present study.
Gandhinagara, P.O. SULIIA – 574239.
Dakshina Kannada District,