Institute for Social and Economic Change

Working Paper: 357

Geographical Access and Quality of Primary Schools – A Case Study of South 24 Parganas District of West Bengal

Jhuma Halder



Provision of schooling facilities within walking distance is one of the key components of universal elementary education. Schooling facilities do not indicate only set up of schools but also provision of infrastructure in the schools. Even after twelve years’ of implementation of Sarva Sikhshya Abhiyan (SSA) and five years implementation of Right to Education Act, there are still widespread disparities in terms of both school set-up and infrastructure in primary schools. Enrolment has increased manifold indicating parental aspiration to send their children to schools. But supply related variables have lagged behind. This disparity is very prominent in the regions which are geographically backward. Using primary and secondary data, a case study has been carried out to explore the scenario of location of schools, habitation wise distribution of schools, infrastructure of schools and attainment of students in schools. The study finds that attainment of children in schools is very much related to quality of schools.


Working Papers