NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS (NGOs) IN INDIA: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES
NGOs, by virtue of being small in size, flexible, innovative and participatory, are widely considered to be more successful in reaching the poor, and in poverty alleviation. This paper, based on the review of existing studies and the author's research experience with a large number of NGOs in India, aims at discussion on definition, types (Section 2), evolution (Section 3), advantages (Section 4) and weaknesses (Section 5) of NGOs. The discussion on evolution of NGOs shows that the perspectives of NGOs widened from charity and welfare to development, and to sustainable development and empowerment. This has been influenced by the policies of donor agencies and the Indian government. After discussing funding sources (Section 6), this paper argues that the NGOs need to play a dynamic role in the context of liberalisation policies, improved credibility and legitimacy for NGOs, etc., (Section 7). Further, this paper goes on to discuss a viable strategy for NGOs (Section 8).
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